Getting ready to send the corrected proofs to the production company. The book title is Developing New Products and Services: Learning, Differentiation and Innovation. It will be published by Business Experts Press (http://www.businessexpertpress.com/).
I have not posted because of the amount of time it took to finish writing the book. Much has changed, but it should be an improvement.
Any discussion of cloud computing will certainly be accompanied with thrashing and gnawing of teeth. This past August I was teaching a course on technology development in Bangalore and Chennai to managers and systems developers working for a variety of high-profile IT service providers. There were significant areas of agreement; but there were some topics, which appeared to be splitting hairs, where the discussion was very intense. This is not surprising because the drama is in the details when it comes to market positioning and high-tech one-upmanship. There is very little agreement on how to define cloud computing.
One of the benefits of cloud computing is that it should permit organizations to add and subtract computing resources according to need. This means that the computing resources are scalable as workload increases. This includes the ability to add more data storage and more computing power for web servers, database servers and applications servers for the human resource system, the CRM system, the financial and accounting systems and the inventory management systems. You can even develop applications in the cloud using products such as Force from salesfore.com, Google Cloud and Amazon Web Services. Google Docs is an online cloud application for creating word-processing documents, spreadsheets, and presentations. All of the browser-based applications of email are part of cloud computing. This Blog was created in the cloud.
Cloud computing permits companies to increase capacity by turning to the cloud, rather than by investing in additional capacity. Cloud computing simplifies management’s agenda because capacity planning is easier. In environments characterized by fluctuating demand risk is reduced because the breakeven point is lower. In an ideal cloud computing environment, the IT resources are scalable and the costs are variable and perhaps traceable to a particular product or service.
Cloud computing has the potential to be a major technological advance, but until we see the ideas and applications maturing it will still be approaching the top of the “inflated expectations” curve of the Gartner Hype Cycle with a partly cloudy future.
Here are a couple of YouTube videos that explain cloud Computing,
The most important activity in the history of human kind has been in the area of communications (see Figure 1). The desire to communicate has been the driving force behind many advances in modern technology; driving a variety of substitute and complimentary products and services. The wireless phone is the current battle ground for the universal communication device that will be used for talking, texting and tagging friends and colleagues, scheduling, listening to music, reading eBooks, and in location assistance. Nokia sells nearly 40% of all phones and Apple sells less than 1%. Apple and Nokia’s strategies are distinctly different. Apple has gone after the cream and focused on the high-end and competes primarily in the Smartphone arena and is also beginning to compete with the $300 to $500 net-book laptops. Smartphone’s have applications such as scheduling, location assistance, email, and internet access.
Nokia is interested in the high-end Smartphone market, but they are also selling to the price-sensitive demographic and have an even bigger target in their sight. They want to become the biggest entertainment media network in the world. They are going to accomplish this through R&D with 10 labs throughout the world and by pursuing a comprehensive differentiation strategy with phone prices ranging from $10 to $700 (see Figure 2). Nokia offers devices to satisfy every budget and they are trying to make their products and services indispensable. They currently roll-out around one million cell phones per day and have 1.1 billion users. They sell mobile devices to the hundreds of millions of price-sensitive cell phone users in India that cannot afford a data plan. For $1.30 per month rural users in India can receive information on weather, agriculture, education, and Bollywood. But they are also going after the high-end market high bandwidth market and have developed Ovi, an iTunes type platform with a variety of downloadable Smartphone applications.
Apple has been making steady gains in the smartphone business. They have about 8% of the market and Nokia has about 43% of the market. Apple has been willing to offer a down-scaled version of the Ipod to the price sensitive masses with the Nano and Shuffle. I suspect that iPhone technology will also be adapted to the price-sensitive tail of the demand curve.
“We can slurp from that mighty river to our heart’s content And we even take slurping lessons, so we can slurp more efficiently.”
“From lawyers! From Tax consultants! From customer’s men!” Were born close enough to the river to drown ourselves and the next ten generations in wealth, simply using dippers and buckets. But we still hire experts to teach us the use of aqueducts, dams, reservoirs, siphons, bucket brigades, and the Archimedes’ screw. And our teachers in turn become rich, and their children become buyers of lessons in slurping.”
“‘Go where the rich and powerful are,’ I’d tell him, ‘and learn their ways. They can be flattered and they can be scared. Please them enormously or scare them enormously, and one moonless night they will put their fingers to their lips, warning you not to make a sound. And they will lead you through the dark to the widest, deepest river of wealth ever known to man. You’ll be shown your place on the riverbank, and handed a bucket all your own. Slurp as much as you want, but try to keep the racket of your slurping down. A poor man might hear.'”
God Bless You, Mr. Rosewater: Or, Pearls Before Swine
By Kurt Vonnegut, Random House, 1998, pages 122-123.
Originally published in 1965